Sustainably Sweet

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on March 19, 2018 | 0 comments

Click on this link to view Made in the Shire‘s Feature on Merck Forest’s sugaring operations:

It all boils down to a simple equation:

   plus      plus   



Ethan Crumley Reviews “Naturally Curious: A Photographic Field Guide and Month-by-Month Journey …”

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on January 17, 2018 | 1 Comment

Winter loosens its grip slowly on our maple- and snow-covered mountain, but as spring takes hold, the forest celebrates the change with showy ephemeral wildflowers. The joy in the discovery of the purple-streaked white flowers is complete when you learn their perfect name: “Spring Beauties.”

One of the things I like most about working in the outdoors is the dynamic quality of nature’s beauty, and the sugarbush is an especially wonderful place to watch the changes as springtime, and new and unfamiliar plants, arrive. The constant change piques my curiosity as I go through my day, and when I get back home or to the office I enjoy looking up what I have seen in a field guide.

This year for Christmas my wife bought me a field guide titled “Naturally Curious: A Photographic Field Guide and Month-by-Month Journey through the Fields, Woods, and Marshes of New England” by Mary Holland. I have never seen anything like it: instead of being conventionally arranged by scientific classification, it is arranged month-by-month.

Each month begins with “Nature Notes” — summaries of what a particular species is doing or what sign you are likely to find. These summaries cover six categories: Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, Mammals, Insects & Arachnids, and Plants & Fungi. The “Nature Notes” are followed by “A Closer Look,” covering seasonally relevant topics in more depth. January’s topics, for example, include black bear hibernation and birth, snow and its effect on wildlife, and — surprisingly — winter wildflowers. Warmer month topics include the naming of spring wildflowers, yellow-bellied sapsuckers, moose, and the goldenrod ball gall.

The unique perspective of examining the natural world as it advances through the seasons, and  the generous use photographs, make this an excellent book for detailed nature study or casual flipping. I would highly recommend this for inclusion in anyone’s library — although I doubt it will spend much time on the shelf.

Forester Ethan Crumley occasionally comes in out of the woods

A Little House in the Woods

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on December 28, 2017 | 3 Comments

Read the rest of this entry →

Winter Visitors

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on December 12, 2017 | 0 comments

Monday afternoon: Winter has finally arrived this weekend at Merck Forest, with 3 inches of freshly fallen snow blanketing the forest floor, and more expected within a day or so.  Grays and browns are now set against fluffy blue-white coating.  With the exception of a few still-green fern fronds, no signs of green plant life can be found, and leaves have long since dropped off the maples and birches.  The snow muffles any sound that can be heard.  There is little ruckus from birds shouting in the tree tops, and it appears that life is at a standstill.  

But a short hike down Discovery Trail tells a different story. I set out from the Visitor Center, camera in hand, to see what animals might be out and about.  And I am not disappointed in what I find.  My first stop is the hunter registration log.  Earlier this fall, a family of small rodents – possibly white-footed mice – had taken up residence, and upon opening the door, I can see the box is still inhabited: several pairs of big black beady eyes stared back at me.  Nestled in torn paper leaves, the little creatures scurry to avoid the human staring in at them. I gently close up the box, leaving the mice to their own devices.

Cloven Hoof: a deer has been here!


Deer Scrape the Snow Away, Looking for Food

Proceeding down the trail, a highway of deer tracks criss-cross the trail, proving that within the last 48 hours, deer have been busy traversing the woods in every direction.  Their cloven hoof prints leave a distinctive print which ice-up from the compression of the deer’s weight into the snow.  I count at least 15 different spots where the deer have crossed, making their presence known. Further down and along the trail, piles of leaves are dug up from under the fresh snow, indications of deer searching for food.

Mice Hop Through the Snow

Finally, parallel tracks of prints magically appear in the snow, as small leapers – possible relatives of the white footed mice – emerge from under their underground abodes and traverse the snow, only to disappear under the snow once again.

Snow flurries fill the sky as the sun sinks lower in the sky.  Tomorrow’s storm will erase the evidence left by our active woodland neighbors.  A fresh palette will await a new story to be told.

Chris Hubbard Shares Signs of Life in Winter

If a Tree …

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on November 5, 2017 | 4 Comments

Curiosity is at the heart of scientific thinking, and provocative essential questions fuel inquisitiveness–questions like: “If every tree in the forest drops every one of its leaves every year, why aren’t we buried up to our neck in millions upon millions of leaves?” For regional 5th graders coming to Merck Forest for multi-day field experiences, this leaf question marks the beginning of a journey. Students contemplate this question as they look up at the shady green canopy overhead. To find the answer, they tear into the leaf litter and rotting logs at their feet.

Squeals of delight and discovery punctuate the air as students scamper like squirrels through the forest, digging into the decomposing leaf litter, peeling layers of lacey leaves apart, scooping up eastern red backed salamanders hiding under rocks, discovering quarter-sized white larva under birch bark, and plucking at strands of mycelium that weave their way through trunks of decaying birch tree. They dig in and get dirty. They inhale the rich, earthy scent of the detritus, the result of the microbial activity of bacteria and fungi–the powerhouses behind forest decomposition.

Without these powerhouses, we would indeed be “up to our necks” in leaf litter. These organisms break down living matter and release their nutrients, enabling new organisms to flourish and grow. Tender young plants and saplings send forth roots, their root hairs drawing up water and nutrients released into the soil by decaying plants and animals. The dead and decaying nourish the living.

In the spring, a new group of students will come to explore our forest. The squeals of delight will once again ring in the woods as they discover a red eft amongst the bright green moss or a spider weaving its web. They’ll feel the wet sponginess of rotting wood and marvel at a massive fungus growing on a log. Students will contemplate the multitude of ferns as they consider the resources available to the plants. Another set of young minds will experience a spark of curiosity, joy, and a sense of responsibility.


Education Director Christine Hubbard introduces scores of youngsters to the workings of the Merck-y forest every year.

Meditation on an Autumn Evening

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on October 18, 2017 | 0 comments

Autumn leaves crunch beneath the purposeful plodding of my hiking boots. Fresh, brisk air and dappled sunlight play on my face as I hike among the mossy trees and rocky streams. This is my favorite time of the year. I love hiking out in the mountains, enjoying that particular feel and smell of autumn beauty, the kind of feeling that happens for only a few weeks each year.

After passing through a yellow-gold canopy, I arrive at my destination. Perched upon the lookout point is Ridge Cabin, where I will stay tonight. Ridge is only one of Merck’s nine cabins, scattered and perched across the rolling, forested landscape. The view from the cabin is incredible: the Taconic mountains, blanketed in a patchwork of trees, tumble off into the distance. Every color seems to be represented and the retreating sunset is making them glow with the last vestiges of summer warmth.


As a cool evening sets in, I enter the cabin laden with firewood and look around at the rustic structure, paneled in natural, honey-colored wood. It’s not long before the chimney is puffing and I’m enveloped by notes of earthy woodsmoke as my dinner simmers nearby. My sleeping bag sits on a nearby cot ready to keep me snug through the night.

After dinner I sit outside the cabin for a few solitary moments and look up into the sky brimming with stars. They are so bright that the clear, crisp evening is like a crystal, bringing them even closer. Shooting stars abound. Snuggled up in my sleeping bag with a last cup of tea, I read until my eyes are closing. As the embers burn low I am lost to the immense quietness of the Vermont night and the mountains.

Time like this, hours spent in nature, are a tonic to reconnect us with the landscape during what can be a busy and hectic time of year. A backcountry cabin can provide a wonderful place for reflection, for quality time with family and friends, and for reminders of what matters most. A trip out here is a glass through which to see ourselves in the vast context of the changing seasons, the beauty of nature, and the simpler things.

As an apprentice, Kat Graden is usually pretty busy … thankfully she had time to savor a quiet moment!

Forest Management

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on October 4, 2017 | 1 Comment

Forest Management at MFFC

Forests are dynamic, diverse ecosystems shaped by wind, ice, insects, wildlife, inter-tree competition, rain, soils, and humans. At Merck, part of our mission is to demonstrate sustainable forestry. By managing our forests we can produce forest products and services that benefit us, while positively impacting our forest ecosystems. Here’s an inside look at how we are doing this at Merck.


One of our projects this season has been the regeneration of an area in the sugar bush cleared nearly twenty-five years ago. The intention at the time had been to allow sunlight to reach the forest floor and regenerate the area, but instead of a nice young group of long-lived sugar maples, new growth was dominated by shorter-lived striped maple. Since we cannot tap striped maple, and since there is no lack of them in other places in the sugarbush, we removed them. With the heavy sugar maple seed crop this year and sunlight reaching the forest floor, we should soon have a young healthy group of sugar maples. This is key in helping us to sustainably produce and carry on the Vermont tradition of making pure maple syrup.

A project that has been a few years in the making has been our “Foresters for the Birds” project. The purpose of this project is to integrate the management of timber areas and songbird habitats by creating small groups of regeneration within a forest stand. This will result in crowns of different heights, establishing vertical structural diversity in the stand, which is important for a number of declining bird species in the region. This project should be finished by this fall, and will soon make for an excellent destination for birders at the southern end of the property. To learn more about the “Forester’s for the Birds” program visit .

Near the “Forester’s for the Birds” site we are regenerating a one-to-two acre patch of forest using the seed-tree method: removing almost all of the trees except for a handful of the best quality trees, which will serve as the seed source for a new generation of black cherry trees. Cutting groups, as described in the last few projects, allows trees such as sugar maple (which still grow well with some shade) to regenerate. However, black cherry competes and grows best in full sun. Thus, in order to  manage for forest diversity, it is sometimes necessary to create larger openings to more fully utilize solar energy.

When we manage our forests we are thinking of many things: maple syrup, wildlife habitat, timber, carbon sequestration, clean air, and clean water — all are products of healthy managed forests. As we manage the forest we do not only look at what we can take today, but also at the whole ecosystem complex which will provide for current and future generations. To ensure positive impacts and sustainable forests we manage to maintain and protect the integrity of our forested ecosystems.


Ethan Crumley oversees operations for Merck’s 3100 forested acres.


Revel in the Rhythm of the Season

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on September 26, 2017 | 0 comments

Autumn is a time to enjoy the brilliant colors of changing leaves, the fragrance of pumpkin spice wafting in the air, the sweep of gorgeous vistas, and the sounds of animals scurrying about gathering and preparing for the winter to come. Here at Merck Forest, Fern and Arch, our draft horses, have been enjoying the beautiful weather because it brings fewer flies and cooler temps. They have recently been helping haul the last loads of our second-cutting hay, which is now neatly stacked in the barn for the long winter ahead.

Some wonder why we use horses when a tractor would be so much quicker? Good question. Historically, draft horses were born and bred to work and are very relational animals by nature. Working with them is an experience that few have the privilege of knowing. Though a tractor is considered to be “more efficient” in today’s world, selectively using horse power not only leaves a lower carbon footprint, but also gives us the opportunity to enjoy the beauty and nature that surrounds us.

Taking in the view.

Fern and Arch love being worked. You can tell by the sounds they make and the spring in their steps as they plod along with a full wagon of contented visitors. They have such pleasant personalities and work well as a team, although Fern is definitely more of a go-getter and is quicker to respond to commands. Arch, on the other hand, is a bit of a slacker and will hold back to let Fern take the lead. He thinks he’s being a gentleman by allowing the lady ahead start, but in reality, he is just being lazy.

Farm Manager Dylan Durkee introduces a visitor to the team.

Don’t take me wrong, we love Arch. He is such a sweet guy and he loves attention. When you visit them, you will notice that Arch tends to be the more sociable of the pair, and he always welcomes a gentle pat on the head. Even though they are undeniably massive in size and strength, they are really just gentle giants.

Now that fall is upon us, Fern and Arch have started growing thicker coats in preparation for the colder weather to come. In the excitement and anticipation of the winter activities and projects going forward, such as sleigh rides and even small-scale logging, we will be tuning up the sleigh and shining up the jingle bells. Foliage season is a beautiful time of year to visit, but winter can be just as awe-inspiring. The warmth of a wool blanket spread across your lap, Fern and Arch pulling you over hill and dale, the sound of sleigh runners slicing through the snow, chains rattling and bells jingling – what more could you want? So venture up the mountain, say hello to Fern and Arch and revel in the rhythm of the season that surrounds you.

Assistant Visitor Center Manager Katie Connor is our principal drover … and now, a blogger!

Trail work at Merck

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on September 19, 2017 | 3 Comments

Hiking past massive maple trees and sturdy stone walls, we are reminded of how old our Vermont landscape is. It’s easy to imagine that the trail you’re walking is as old as the stone walls themselves, but most often this is not the case. Here at Merck Forest our trails date back only to the 1950’s, and they are being reworked to this day. It is important to maintain trails not only for hiking pleasure, but also to preserve the physical environment. Trails that go straight up mountainsides are common here in New England where older trails were cut for the express purpose of enjoying a vigorous hike to the summit (there’s nothing more vigorous than slabbing  straight uphill to a mountain peak!)  

As it turns out, trails that shoot straight up a mountain are more susceptible to erosion. When it rains these trails become creeks. Mud ensues. Out west, however, trails were cut to be suitable for horses, so grades are never steeper than fifteen percent. Trail builders accomplished this by utilizing switchbacks (a switchback is a 180-degree bend in the trail that allows hikers and riders to ascend or descend a mountain on a gradual grade). Switchbacks, along with incorporated water controls such as water bars (small, well-placed ditches designed to redirect water flow), are also better for the mountain because they prevent water from simply running straight down the trail.

Here at Merck Forest we are in the process of modernizing our trail system by adding switchbacks to steeper sections. To do this we climb up our mountains to assess and map problematic segments, and then flag new paths. Once we’ve laid out a new section of trail, we go in with a host of tools including rakes, shovels, pulaskis and McCleods*, and cut new trail.


Currently our staff does monthly trail work as a team to deepen our connection with the landscape and improve the sustainability and enjoyability of our network. We would love to have volunteers come out and help us on our trail days. If you are interested in helping out, just let us know. No tools or experience is necessary, and we’d love the company!

Blog by Heather Richardson

Lady Autumn’s Paintbrush

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on September 11, 2017 | 4 Comments


Flashes, like glances at midnight fires, amidst endless green pass in the canopy overhead with each hike as the yellows, oranges and reds of September peep into our daily work at Merck Forest.

It’s as if Autumn holds her paintbrush above us and little drops dye the trees before the full stroke of the brush comes through.

In the meadows and pastures, daisies and black-eyed-susans give way to countless radiant goldenrods as far as the eye can see.


The sheep and horses on the farm thicken their coats. The squirrels in the woods rush about for nuts and acorns. The corn and squash in the Children’s Garden ripen through the shortening days. The monarch butterflies, after a long rest in the pastures, arise gloriously from their chrysalises. With a growing chill in the night and mornings accompanied by cool dew, we all start digging out our woolen scarves and know that Fall is at hand.



Apprentice Karl Uy is preparing himself for a life in music, writing and environmental sciences.

Letters from the Lodge- June 2016

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on July 5, 2016 | 0 comments


6th grade Mettowee students in our NGSS pilot program

6th grade Mettowee students in our NGSS pilot program

Haying with beautiful views!

Haying with beautiful views!

Dear Outside World,

It’s been a while since we’ve written, and that probably reflects life on the farm in the summer time. Since the last update, 44 fluffy lambs have been added to our flock! They are almost two months old and are growing fast, but are definitely still worth coming to visit. Peggy Sue’s piglets are also getting big (*sniffle* they grow up so fast), and we’ve moved them and Peggy Sue to wooded areas beyond the chestnut plantation in order for them to get a taste of the wild boar lifestyle. It makes them extra tasty, we promise.

We also have finished our first cutting of hay! The barn loft is stacked with nice quality hay that will keep Fern and Arch happy all winter. The dry weather definitely made getting all of our hay in a breeze this year. However, it does put more pressure on us to irrigate the gardens and blueberries, so we’re in the process of getting that system in place right now. Other things that we’ve done: planted close to 300 more chestnuts in the plantation; led 2-day field science classes for Dorset, Mettowee, and Sunderland 6th graders about forest nutrient cycles and decomposition, in compliance with New Generation Science Standards; Alessia successfully moved Eliot the ram to a new paddock; and Sarah has exhibited just how strong a few months of farming can make you (you too could go from struggling to lift a bale to happily throwing them onto the hay wagon in just 12 weeks!).

The lodge has gotten cozier as Tim, our assistant forester, has joined Sarah and Alessia until he returns to SUNY ESF in August. Not only did Tim surprise us (A & M & our coworker Katie Connor) at our half-marathon in Lake Placid to cheer, but he also supplies us with plenty of ice cream and laughs, and lets us sit on the futon (our only comfy seating). What more could you need from a roommate? Aside from some struggles with the solar panels, which don’t seem to support our new-fangled washing machine, and the continued nocturnal porcupine visits, life on the hill couldn’t be sweeter!

Things to come: Garlic and blueberries will be ready in a few weeks! We’ll have fun activities and a pizza social with NOFA-VT (August18th) going on during Open Farm Week, August 15th-21st. And of course come visit anytime to see the animals, hike the trails, or taste our delicious syrup.

Until the next one,

McIlvennie and McCobb

Letters from the Lodge- April 26th

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on May 21, 2016 | 0 comments

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Dear Outside World,

Despite the snow today, on April 26th, flowers have finally started to bloom! Since our last foray into blog writing, Peggy Sue gave an outstanding performance delivering her piglets between the hours of 7pm and 7am. We apprentices had the novel experience of collecting the piglets as they were born, cleaning and drying them, keeping them warm in our jackets, and helping them suckle for the first time. Ten spotted piglets are now happily parading through wallows, under fences, and among the chickens.

Another on-farm discovery is the plethora of opportunities to get in some yoga. While our mats at home have sat idle, we have stretched and reached during such activities as sheep shearing (a delicate dance between person and ewe) and apple pruning (a delicate dance in balancing among branches). A sheep-shearing workshop led by Jim McRae and Andy Rice served the dual purpose of providing an introduction to shearing and also getting our sheep shorn. The sheep don’t seem to mind their uneven trims too badly (and thankfully, it’s already growing back). Training the apple trees rounded out our fruit pruning this spring, and we look forward to the blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries to come.

While Merck was the last operation boiling in Bennington County, the time to pull taps has finally come. After providing us with the sap needed to make 1,395 gallons of syrup (roughly 60,000 gallons of sap), the ~3,000 trees deserve a rest. One of the benefits of climbing the steep sugarbush slopes is discovering ramps! These are wild leeks that can be used for tasty dishes such as ramp and potato soup and mushroom and ramp quiche (we can attest to their tastiness).

As the sugaring season winds down, the programming season is ramping up! In May, we will have three sixth grade classes coming in for two-day sessions, a spring ephemerals walk (5/12), a full-moon hike (5/21), an art exhibit opening in the Sap House (5/15), and Meet the Lambs, a morning event to explore the farm, ride the horse-drawn wagon, and enjoy one of our pork sausage biscuits (5/28). We hope to see you here!


Until the next one,

McIlvennie and McCobb

Letters from the Lodge- April 2016

by Merck Forest and Farmland Center on | 0 comments

IMG_3758 IMG_3757Dear Outside World,

Winter has finally arrived! Here at the Lodge, in April… Fun fact: snow panels are 3.14% less effective under two inches of snow. Sarah has learned that she now pays careful attention to the cloud cover. Alessia has learned that she is far too lax about eating food that has been left out or canned two years ago (note: no botulism to report, as of yet). To give some background, Sarah and Alessia are both originally from Ithaca, NY and although they met briefly in high school, and both studied Sustainable Agriculture at Cornell University, their lives eventually went separate ways. Then, the summer following Sarah’s graduation, and a year after Alessia’s, the two happened to encounter each other at an intern mixer in the Adirondacks, where Sarah worked as an outdoor educator for Great Camp Sagamore, and Alessia was a naturalist for The Wild Center. After the mixer, their lives went separate ways again. However, it was not to be the case for long! For it turns out that Sarah and Alessia both coincidentally applied for the Merck apprenticeship, and now here they are.

While Sarah has been at Merck since Valentine’s Day, Alessia joined the Merck team the Monday after Easter. In the last week, we have weathered not only the winter weather, but also the pancake breakfast, the birth of Peggy Sue’s piglets, the return of Eliot the ram, and all too many of Erik, the assistant farm manager’s, puns. For the pancake breakfast, Phil Warren and Herb Troumbley trustingly handed over the reins of the horse-drawn wagon pulled by our draft horses, Fern and Arch, in order for us to drive folks to the Sap House for breakfast. Equally as daunting as driving a full wagon was teaching fifteen three-year olds about how maple syrup is made. However, it turns out that watching small, colorfully bundled pre-schoolers bring “sap” to our “evaporator” (read: an artfully crafted cardboard creation), is pretty darn adorable. After flipping hundreds of pancakes over the weekend, cleaning chimneys on Wednesday, and practicing our drilling skills (reinforcing a pigpen following an escape), we’ve come to realize that this job at Merck is actually an apprenticeship for life.

Though this blog might not have been updated for a while, we hope to shed some light on the quirks and perks of working at Merck.

Until the next one,

Sarah McIlvennie and Alessia McCobb

Education Pilot Program Takes Flight

by melissa on September 10, 2015 | 2 Comments


Today felt like the first day of school here at Merck Forest, at least that’s what Christine Hubbard, education director, said to the visiting fifth grade students from Dorset School. It was, in fact, the first day of the new pilot program: the Merck Forest and Farmland Center / Next Generation Science Standards School Partnership Program, or MFFC/NGSS School Partnership Program.

Chris has been working for months to coordinate and create this new take on education at Merck.

As she wrote in her fall newsletter article, “With the adoption of the Next Generation Science Standards by the State of Vermont in June 2013, schools and teachers are shifting their classroom instruction to reflect the new standards, or expectations for student learning.  After talking and working with several local schools: The Dorset School, Sunderland Elementary School, and Mettawee Community School, Merck has developed a multi-day program to help teachers meet the new standards.  The developing program will focus on the 5th grade curriculum this fall, and will incorporate 6th grade in spring, 2016.  Students will come to Merck for several field experiences focusing on decomposition, biodiversity, and non-native and invasive species, using the various farm and forest ecosystems found at Merck.  In addition, Merck staff will also be visiting students in their classrooms to prepare them for some of their experiences on the farm and in the forest.

Students will have the opportunity to explore with a hands-on approach.  They will be involved in a variety of scientific methods: making observations, collecting and analyzing data, and critiquing their discoveries.  In addition,they will be constructing models to show decomposition, as well as mapping the various ecosystems from a strategic vantage points on the farm.  A final culminating Expo will allow students to showcase their work.”

The overall goal with creating an education program like the MFFC/NGSS School Partnership Program is to foster collaboration between Merck and area schools, “helping to bring a high-quality science experience to local students”. In fact, with much of the new literature out on how spending time outdoors, getting in touch with nature, and A Forest for Every Classroom-esque experience, is critically important in helping students learn. With a 62 acre farm, over 3,000 acres of forest, and an enthusiastic teaching staff, we  know that Merck Forest will be able to serve as the outdoor classroom for many area schools.

Mushroom Packaging for Maple Syrup

by melissa on September 1, 2015 | 0 comments

In the summer newsletter Tom wrote an article about the new mushroom packaging we will start to use for shipping syrup. In case you didn’t see the article, a copy of it is here: 

Many of you are aware that we are in the process of making our maple syrup packaging and shipping more sustainable. Last year, we moved away from plastic containers for our organic maple syrup and are now using glass containers. The next step was to find a more sustainable shipping product than even the recyclable foam peanuts.

Over the past few years, we have cultivated a relationship with Ecovative Design, LLC, of Green Island, N.Y. The company designs Mushroom ® Packaging, which is made from agricultural waste material infused with fungal mycelium (root-like structure). We are very close to finalizing the design specifics of a sustainable, high-performing, molded shipping container manufactured by Ecovative and designed to fit our glass syrup bottles.

The result of this collaboration between MFFC and Ecovative will be the first use of Mushroom ® Packaging in the Maple Industry, and it will lead to our organic syrup product being stored in a recyclable container and shipped in stable organic packaging, which can be home-composted or used as garden mulch.  It is our organization’s intent to convert entirely to this innovative approach and to work with sugar makers across the U.S. and Canada to adopt its use as well.

Ecovative’s products are currently used to ship numerous items, including components for major computer companies. Mushroom ® Packaging products also offer a high R-Value for use as an insulating material, which is stable when kept dry, and is highly fire resistant as well (R-Value is the capacity of an insulating material to resist heat flow. The higher the R-value, the greater the insulating power).  MFFC is exploring the possibility of using the material in the construction of a new cabin at Clark’s Clearing.

We are very excited to be at the forefront of this initiative and would love to hear from you when you see the packaging in your shipments from Merck Forest & Farmland Center, Inc. later this year.

We have started to use the packaging for the gallons and half gallons. Inside your package you will find a paper that describes some of the reasons for the change. We are inviting your feedback though on the change. Please let us know, good or bad, what you think.


The Piglets First Big Adventure

by melissa on August 5, 2015 | 0 comments

Piglets exploring just outside the Small Animal Barn

Piglets exploring just outside the Small Animal Barn


Peggy Sue’s piglets had their first big adventure yesterday: the doors in their stall were opened to the pasture = Freedom to explore.

Several of the more curious guys and girls poked their noses out the door right away. It took others until the afternoon to step onto the soil for the first time. By mid afternoon, everyone had gotten brave enough to stand just outside the stall door.

Besides some quick forays outside, the piglets still stayed close to Mom, choosing instead to romp hard inside the Small Animal Barn. Peggy Sue has some ornery babies this time around.






The Rehabilitation of Clark’s Clearing Continues

by melissa on | 0 comments

Salem’s Lunch, Learn, and Play Program has been coming up every Wednesday for a few weeks now. The group of middle schoolers has been working with members of our staff to rehabilitate the cabin at Clark’s Clearing (see previous post).

They have been making good progress:

The cabin needed new framing.

Ethan helping one of the students measure a board to size.

Ethan helping one of the students measure a board to size.


Be Brave

by melissa on July 27, 2015 | 0 comments

The team from Be Brave is working with a few of our staff members to start a Hike-A-Thon at Merck. The purpose of the Hike-A-Thon is to raise money  for research of benign brain tumors.

The team from Be Brave is working with a few of our staff members to start a Hike-A-Thon at Merck. The purpose of the Hike-A-Thon is to raise money for research of benign brain tumors.

This afternoon Kathryn and Tom will meet for a second time with team members of Be Brave, a group dedicated to informing, supporting and improving the lives of individuals affected by benign brain tumors and to drive research for a cure. “BE.BRAVE was formed by Riley Callen and Sarah Shehadi in 2015.  Over the past four years both girls have undergone multiple craniotomies to remove brain tumors.”

The young ladies have an incredibly moving story, both of how they met, and the drive they share to create awareness for benign brain tumors (see their story here).

Their team has joined with Merck Forest and Farmland Center to start a Hike-A-Thon (October 3, 2015) that will help raise money for their cause.

“This year, all profits will be split evenly between both Riley and Sarah’s choice research initiatives:  Barrow Neurological Foundation for neurosurgery tumor and hemangioma research and Boston Children’s Hospital for pediatric brain tumor and vascular disease.”

We’ll keep you posted with updates on the event, and we highly encourage you to check out the Be.Brave website. We hope that you will join us in October for a fun day of hiking, music, and more!

Positive Mind. Positive Vibes. Positive Life.

Clark’s Clearing Cabin

by melissa on July 24, 2015 | 0 comments

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Clark’s Clearing Cabin after its construction in 1972.


The abandoned cabin at Clark’s Clearing is getting a major renovation this summer, thanks to a group of junior high students from Salem, NY. Over the past two weeks, and through the rest of the summer, the group will come up on Wednesdays and work with Ethan (MFFC forester) and Tom (Ex. Dir.) to rehabilitate and rebuild the well-loved cabin in the clearing.

Clark’s Clearing cabin was built in 1972 by a team of girls from the SCA (Student Conservation Assocation). The cabin was in use for nearly forty years until the masonry chimney pulled away from the back wall and cause a partial collapse of the building.

This summer, Tom contacted former executive director, Duncan Campbell, about the reconstruction of the cabin, and when Duncan responded to Tom, he sent along this photo of it, right after its construction. (Incase you are wondering, Duncan is the tall gentleman on the right).

It’s Tom’s hope to insulate the cabin (something that the other cabins do not have!) using insulation that is grown from agricultural waste and fungi, another project we are working on with Ecovative Designs–more on this later.

We’ll keep you posted on how the construction goes…


Mark your calendars for the 23rd!

by melissa on July 8, 2015 | 0 comments

Stephanie sweeping out the Small Animal Barn in preparation of Peggy Sue's piglets.

Stephanie sweeping out the Small Animal Barn in preparation of Peggy Sue’s piglets.

Peggy Sue is due to have her piglets on the 23rd of July (just in time for the Snake Mountain Bluegrass and the Connor Sisters concert). For the past few weeks, she has been loving living at the bottom of the apple orchard, sometimes laying in the wet soil, sometimes rooting around for acorns, and always happy for the occasional beet green.

Yesterday, Stephanie and Kate were preparing the Small Animal Barn for Peggy Sue. She will be moved back to the farm yard so that she can farrow (have her piglets) in the smaller barn.

In just a few weeks, you’ll be able to see some adorable little piglets!





A Visit to the Mercklets at Flying Pigs Farm

by melissa on June 12, 2015 | 0 comments


Peggy Sue’s piglets, the “Mercklets”, just after they were born in January.

What happened to Peggy Sue’s piglets? This is a question we often get when a set of piglets moves away.

Usually, the piglets are raised on our farm until they are old enough and big enough to be sent to Eagle Bridge Custom Meats and Smokehouse. The pigs that we care for and raise onsite become the pastured meat that we sell in the Visitor Center.

However, we had a different plan for the piglets born this past January. We still had enough meat in the freezers and did not need more, so we sold the growing piglets to a nearby farm, Flying Pigs Farm in Shushan, N.Y. Flying Pigs raises heritage pork and sells primarily to restaurants and Green Markets in New York City.

The Mercklets still like to get a few ear scartches!

The Mercklet gilts still like to get a few ear scratches!

Recently, the apprentices Kate and Stephanie visited Flying Pigs to see their operation (apprentices sometimes do site visits to other farms), to purchase some laying hens, and they also got to check in and see the “Mercklets”!

Dan, the Flying Pigs farm manager (also a former intern, caretaker, and assistant farm manager at Merck), originally bought all ten of Peggy Sue’s piglets. He then sold four of the piglets (including “Chunker” and the sweet runt of the litter) to SVF Foundation in Rhode Island, as they were looking for people-friendly pigs for their operation.

Flying Pigs kept six of the Mercklets: the male will be raised and then eventually taken to Eagle Bridge. The five gilts (unbred females), he hopes to raise as sows that will be able to provide piglets for Flying Pigs Farm. When Stephanie and Kate visited, the five gilts were literally romping around the forested pasture.

Dan pointed out the Merck pig in pasture. Even that Mercklet came over for an ear scratch.

Dan pointed out the male Merck pig in pasture. Even that he came over for an ear scratch.

After saying hello to the Mercklets, and giving them a few ear and back scratches, we walked up to the top of the 200 acre farm to see other pigs on pasture, including the remaining male Merck piglet.

After spending some time exploring the pasture, which is both forested and in open meadow, a good combination of habitat for foraging pigs, the group walked down to the coops to pick out a few laying hens.

Whereas, at Merck Forest we keep only a handful of chickens–just enough to provide eggs for the apprentices–Flying Pigs Farm has nearly 200 layers, and they also keep meat birds in the summer.

Stephanie looking at the unbroken egg, which came from the chicken she was holding in her hand.

Stephanie looking at the unbroken egg, which came from the chicken she was holding in her hand.


Dan wanted to make sure that the apprentices took home hens that were actually laying. Instead of taking birds from the pasture, he grabbed birds from the nesting boxes, handing them to the apprentices to hold. One hen actually was laying an egg as he picked her up, and her egg literally rocketed out of her, out of the coop, and rolled along the ground to Stephanie’s feet! Hopefully, this is a good sign that she will lay when she comes to Merck.

Thanks to Dan and Flying Pigs Farm for letting us come and visit. We are glad the Mercklets are well, and the hens are doing great!


View from Flying Pigs Farm toward Merck Forest and Farmland Center.

View from Flying Pigs Farm toward Merck Forest and Farmland Center.


















Reclaiming the “View” at Viewpoint

by melissa on June 8, 2015 | 0 comments

Plans are in the works for a few of the cabins to have their viewsheds restored. Opening up the views around several of the cabins serves a dual purpose: visitors will be able to enjoy looking at the ridges and mountains again, and the trees cut will be processed and used as firewood for those specific cabins. An on-site operation.

We contracted out to a local logger to start restoring the viewsheds. They have already completed much of the work at Viewpoint Cabin. Please, for the next week or so, refrain from hiking near Viewpoint. As soon as the work is done, we’ll let you know, and then you can go enjoy the vista.

Looking up to Viewpoint from the trail.

Looking up to Viewpoint from the trail.

From Viewpoint looking toward Mt Antone. A clear shot now.

From Viewpoint looking toward Mt Antone. A clear shot now.

All the wood cut to open up the viewshed will be used as firewood at the cabin.

All the wood cut to open up the viewshed will be used as firewood at the cabin.

What happened to the wind turbine???

by melissa on May 29, 2015 | 0 comments


If any of you have visited the farm in the past ten years, you’ve probably heard the more or less consistent swish, swish, swish of the wind turbine as the blades rotate in the breeze. The structure has supplied a small percentage of the power here at Merck since it was erected. There were days when the wind blew so strongly that it would reverberate pressure in the air, like you had rolled down the back windows in your car before putting down the front ones, causing your ears to feel a strange pressure. In gale force winds, the turbine would actually stop turning, so as to not lose its blades.

But, as you can see from the image above, the structure no longer has its blades. In April, the turbine started to make a strange noise, and before we could have someone to come out and look at it, we were subject to high winds late on that Friday evening. The blades fell from the turbine. Luckily, no lambs, horses, or people were out or hurt.

But now the turbine stands on the hill, blade-less.

And it probably will remain that way for a few months more…

We are at an interesting point in the organization, contemplating ways to sustainably provide energy to the site. Until ideas and recommendations formulate into a plan for electricity, the turbine will stand quiet on the hill.






Fiber Artists at the Sheep Dog Trials

by melissa on May 27, 2015 | 0 comments


Ann Gregory of Annie’s Knitting Cabin, Granville, NY was a part of last year’s Sheep Dog Trials and Farm Festival. She demonstrated spinning, as well as selling her knit items.


It may seem early to be posting about the Sheep Dog Trials and Farm Festival, it is seven weeks away after all.

From the staff end of things here at Merck, the end of those seven weeks, the weekend of July 18 and 19, seems closer than you might think. The Sheep Dog Trials and Farm Festival is one of our two main events, and it requires a lot of planning to put on the weekend festivities.

Over the past few years, we have tried to increase the fiber arts component of the festival. Last year, we had a number of regional fiber artists that demonstrated their art, sold their wares, and enjoyed the weekend. This year, we are excited that many of the vendors will return (including Amity Farm Batik and Contented Butterfly Farm).

We’d like to continue to encourage the growth of the event, including bringing in more fiber artists. If you or someone you know is a fiber artist and would like more information on the Sheep Dog Trials and/or vending, please contact Melissa at


Plowing the Garden, Check

by melissa on May 12, 2015 | 0 comments



The garden is going to be in a new place this year. It will still be just up the road from the wind turbine, but a little closer to the blueberry patch. Moving the garden yearly serves a few purposes: it keeps the soil in good health, and it also allows the apprentices to practice using the horses more. Friday was a beautiful day to be out in the fields. It took a few hours in the bright sun, but Stephanie, Meghan and Kate all took turns working with Fern and Arch to plow the furrows. Now, we’ll be ready to put in a few starts, and sooner than we think the vegetable garden will be in full bloom.






by melissa on May 7, 2015 | 0 comments

Tim and Meghan refashioned the seat to the front of the wagon.

Tim and Meghan refashioned the seat to the front of the wagon.

For the past few weeks, the farm has been working on repairs to the equipment. The RTVs took a beating in this winter’s snow, there is always work to be done on the tractors, and even the horse equipment needs constant looking after. Sometimes it seems like the care for our tools and equipment takes up more time than the actual use of it, but that’s just part of the farm.

The seat on the wagon needed some TLC last week. It was made a bit stronger with better screws, and reattached to the fore of the wagon. Hopefully, it will now be a more comfortable seat for whomever is driving the team.



The week of Sheep Shearing and Wind Shear

by melissa on | 0 comments

Bryan working on taking apart some of the wind blown items at the farm.

Bryan working on taking apart some of the wind blown items at the farm.

Whoops, this post was preprogrammed to go out two weeks ago (before the sheep shearing workshop), but it decided to wait until today to publish itself. We’ll leave it up anyway.

This weekend, as mentioned in the previous post, we are happy to host the second year of the Sheep Shearing Workshop. It comes at the end of a very blustery, chilly, April week. Last week, with its sunny, delightful spring feel, felt like it retreated back to this week’s snow, rain, and WIND. Monday and Tuesday saw some strong steady gusts of air–so strong in fact that some of the sign posts blew over and the trellising in the blackberries took a hit. The farm staff, while waiting for the wind to die down, took the time to look at seeds, make some orders, and stay snug indoors while tackling some machine maintenance and farm planning projects.

The wind also made cabin checks all the more exciting this week, as there were more than a few trees down on the trails. Luckily, Ethan with his hatchet and Katie with her saw were able to get through some of the larger debris.

Katie and Ethan tackled a down birch on Old Town Road this morning.

Katie and Ethan tackled a down birch on Old Town Road this morning.

Hopefully, the participants in this weekend’s sheep shearing workshop will have a warmer environment in which to learn, and a little less wind shear to worry about.



Getting ready for the Sheep Shearing Workshop

by melissa on April 24, 2015 | 1 Comment

Bryan setting up the fencing along the lower Harwood Barn. The sheep will stay in the barn until they are sheared at this weekend's Sheep Shearing Workshop

Bryan setting up the fencing along the lower Harwood Barn. The sheep will stay in the barn until they are sheared at this weekend’s Sheep Shearing Workshop

Yesterday was a big prep day for this weekend’s Sheep Shearing Workshop. With the threat of rain (and snow!) in the air, there was a little more pressure to get the ewes into the Harwood Barn so that their coats will be dry for the shearing process. Bryan worked yesterday morning to set up the lower Harwood Barn for the mamas and babies to move back to (they’ve been enjoying the pasture outside the Small Animal Barn). The farm staff relocated the flock back across the road later on in the day.

For the next day or two the sheep will be Harwood side, until they get their summer hair cuts.

Even if you are not taking part in the workshop, please stop up at the farm this weekend and see the shearing take place. Shearing is an interesting and important part of keeping a flock of sheep.



Preparing for the Flood

by melissa on March 20, 2015 | 0 comments

New floor in the horse stall will help keep horses dry during spring thaw.

New floor in the horse stall will help keep horses dry during spring thaw.

The thaw is near, we think. We can catch whiffs of mud season, the smell of the earth waiting to be released from snow and ice. The past few years the thaw has come quickly. For the farm, which sits on top of shallow soils, rock ledge, and perched water tables, usually the thaw has meant water quickly moving across the pastures, down the hill, and toward the farmyard–often times infiltrating the foundations of the barns and making for a mucky, icy, muddy mess of the lower Harwood and Small Animal barns.

With all of this year’s cold and feet of snow, Tim was starting to get a nervous look on his face in mid-February. You could see him calculating: Lambs were to be due in a month, Peggy Sue has piglets, and depending on the weather the horses may be in their stalls or outside in pasture. If it was a quick thaw, this year could be a particularly muddy mess, and wet, damp stalls are not conducive to keeping animals healthy. Time to plan ahead.

The farm ordered thick hemlock boards to fit to the floor of the horse stalls. The way the historic barn is banked against the hill, heavy runoff moves through the foundation and sometimes collects right where the horses are kept when inside. The boards are elevated, and they will hopefully keep the horses from any unwanted wet hooves.

Bryan tests out the soundness of the hemlock planks.

Bryan tests out the soundness of the hemlock planks.

A raised sleeping platform was built for Peggy Sue and the piglets in the Small Animal Barn. Quick thaws sometimes bring flooding into that space too, but with full range of the pasture and an elevated platform, the pigs should quite literally stay high and dry.

The lambing operation has been set up in the Outside-In (the west room of the Harwood Barn, now aptly dubbed the “Maternity Ward”). It’s a much better space for visitors to walk through and see the lambs, and it doesn’t have the same challenges with water that other rooms in the barn do.

With all the the planning and action in anticipation of a very dicey mud season, so far we’ve been thawing slowly. This year might prove the adage, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

If it wanted to warm up any time now though, I think we are all more than ready.




Recipes from the Winter Workshop

by melissa on February 19, 2015 | 0 comments

Blog_Suet Cakes Recipe